Stimulants
Examples: amphetamine, MDMA, cocaine, caffeine, tobacco (AKA: Speed, Dexxies, Meth, Ice, Tina, Shard, Coke, Blow, Pingas, Dingas, Caps, Coffee 

Stimulants are drugs that have a stimulating effect on the central nervous system. This means there are increased transmitters in the brain and from your brain to your body, making your body and mind more active.

 

Effects include:

  • Increased heart rate & breathing

  • Increased body temperature

  • Dilated pupils

  • Increased muscle tension

  • Increased sensitivity/alertness to stimuli

  • Confusion

  • Decreased appetite

  • Short-term energy boost

  • Increased sociability sexual desire and performance​​

Caring for someone under the influence of a stimulant
  • Encourage help-seeking behaviour including;

    • peer-based support
    • onsite medical services including ambulance

    • call Triple Zero (000)

  • Find out what the person has had, how much, and when the last dose was taken

  • Reassure the person

  • Watch for changes

  • Remain calm, patient, and supportive

  • Avoid hostile or aggressive tone and/or stance

  • Encourage them to sip water – monitor, how much they consume

  • Do not douse them in water

  • If in doubt at any time do not hesitate to seek medical attention.

 

Signs requiring medical assistance or referral to emergency medical service

  • The person is not conscious of their behaviour​

  • The person’s breathing has changed​

  • They have signs of heart problems​

  • They are showing signs of drug overdose:

    • ​Hot and can’t cool down 

    • Clammy skin 

    • Dry, red (or pale), hot skin (stopped sweating) 

    • Dry mouth 

    • Blue/purple lips 

    • Eyes rolling back/obvious eye ‘wobbles’ 

    • Foot/leg is uncontrollably shaking 

    • Rigid muscles 

    • Unable to walk unassisted 

    • Locked jaw or repeated jaw clenching (even if otherwise well)