Stimulants including empathogens
Examples: amphetamine, MDMA, cocaine, caffeine, tobacco (AKA: Speed, Dexxies, Meth, Ice, Tina, Shard, Coke, Blow, Pingas, Dingas, Caps, Coffee 

Stimulants are drugs that have a stimulating effect on the central nervous system. This means there are increased transmitters in the brain and from your brain to your body, making your body and mind more active.

 

Effects include:

  • Increased heart rate

  • Increased breathing

  • Increased body temperature

  • Dilated pupils

  • Increased muscle tension

  • Increased sensitivity/alertness to stimuli

  • Confusion

  • Decreased appetite

  • Short-term energy boost

  • Increased sociability

  • Increased sexual desire and performance

Caring for someone under the influence of a stimulant
  • Encourage them to seek the help of a crowd care service or medical service

  • Find out what the person has had, how much, and when the last dose was taken

  • Reassure the person if there are signs of anxiety such as irritability, speeding and/or confused thoughts, agitation, visible discomfort or fear and then seek help in these situations as these can be signs of cognitive distress

  • Watch for signs of significant toxicity: drop-in consciousness, change in consciousness (confusion), paranoia, Shortness of breath fever

  • Remain calm, patient, and supportive by talking to them and helping them to take a rest

  • Avoid hostile or aggressive tone and/or stance

  • Encourage them to sip water – monitor, how much they consume

  • A guide is to consume 250ml an hour whilst resting, and 500ml an hour whilst exercising (including dancing!) as a safe maximum

  • Do not douse them in water

  • Signs of stimulant overdose

  • If in doubt at any time do not hesitate to seek medical attention.

 

Additional signs to escalate your response to medical may include:

  • Severe anxiety or fearfulness

  • Delusions (seeing or hearing things that aren’t there)

  • Racing pulse

  • Profuse sweating and body chills

  • Excessive thirst

  • Breathing difficulties

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Chest pain with pounding heart

  • As OD progresses, the person may stop sweating and get very hot

  • Seizures/fits (unconscious with jerky muscle spasms or muscle stiffness)

  • Stroke (headache, loss of balance, difficulty speaking, numbness or partial paralysis)

  • Unconsciousness